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Monday, May 1, 2017


Chibueze Ogbonna     3:15 PM    

In this post, we will study about General Settings in WordPress. WordPress general setting is used to set the basic configuration settings for your site. In the setting administration screen, it
is a default setting screen.
Following are the steps to access the general settings:

Step (1): Click on Settings -> General option in WordPress.

Step (2): The General Setting page is displayed as shown in the following snapshot.
Following are the details of the fields on general settings page.
Site Title: It displays the name of the site in the template header.
Tagline: Displays a short sentence about your site.
WordPress Address (URL): It is the URL of WordPress directory where your all core application files are present.
Site Address (URL): Enter the site URL which you want your site to display on the browser.
E-mail Address: Enter your e-mail address which helps to recover your password or any update.
Membership: Anyone can register an account on your site after you check this checkbox.
New User Default Role: The default role is set for the newly registered user or members.
Timezone: Sets the time zone based on the particular city.
Date Format: Sets the date format as you need to display on the site.
Time Format: Sets the time format as you need to display on the site.
Week Starts On: Select the week day which you prefer to start for WordPress calendar. By default it is set as Monday.
Site Language: Sets the language for the WordPress dashboard.

Step (3): After filling all the information about general settings, click on Save Changes button. It saves all your general setting information.

The writing settings controls the writing experience and provides options for customizing WordPress site. These settings control the features in the adding and editing posts, Pages, and Post Types, as well as the optional functions like Remote Publishing, Post via e-mail, and Update Services.
Following are the steps to access the writing settings:
Step 1: To change writing settings, go to Settings -> Writing option.

Step (2): The Writing Setting page is displayed as shown in the following screen.
Following are the details of the fields on the page.
Formatting: This field defines two sub options for better user experience.
o The first option Convert emoticons like :-) and :-P to graphics on display will turn text-based emoticons into graphic-based emoticons.
o The second option WordPress should correct invalidly nested XHTML automatically corrects the invalid XHTML placed within the posts or pages.
Default Post Category: It is a category to be applied to a post and you can leave it as Uncategorized.
Default Post Format: It is used by themes to select post format to be applied to a post or create different styles for different types of posts.
Post via e-mail: This option uses e-mail address to create posts and publishes posts on your blog through e-mail. To use this, you'll need to set up a secret e-mail account with a POP3 access, and any mail received at this address will be posted.
Mail Server: It allows reading the e-mails that you send to WordPress and stores them for retrieval. For this, you need to have POP3 compatible mail server and it will have URI address such as, which you should enter here.
Login Name: To create posts, WordPress will need its own e-mail account. The Login Name will use this e-mail address and should be kept as a secret as spammers will post links redirecting to their own websites.
Password: Set password for the above e-mail address.
Default Mail Category: It allows selecting custom category for all the posts that are published via Post by e-mail feature.
Update Services: When you publish a new post, WordPress will automatically notify the site update services in the box. See the Update Services on the codex for the long list of possible services.

Step (3): After filling all the above information, click on Save Changes button to save your information.

In this chapter, we will study about Reading Settings in WordPress. Reading Setting is used to set the content related to the front page. You can set the number of post to be displayed on the main page.
Following are the steps to access the reading settings:
Step (1): Click on Settings -> Reading option in WordPress.

Step (2): The Reading Settings page is displayed as shown in the following screen.
Following are the details of the fields on reading settings.
Front page displays: This section is used to display the front page in any of the following format:
o Your latest posts: It displays latest posts on the front page.
o A static page: It displays the static pages on the front page.
§ Front Page: You can select the actual page you want to display on front page from the drop down.
§ Posts Page: You can select the page from the drop down which contains posts.
Blog pages show at most: The number of posts to be displayed per page or site. By default, it is set as 10.
Syndication feeds show the most recent: The user can view the number of posts when they download one of the site feeds. By default, it is set as 10.
For each article in a feed, show: This section is used to display the post by selecting any of the following formats:
o Full Text: It displays the complete post. It is set as default.
o Summary: It displays the summary of the post.
Search Engine Visibility: After clicking on the checkbox, Discourage search engines from indexing this site, your site will be ignored by the search engine.

Step (3): After filling all the information, click on Save Changes button to save your Reading Setting information.


In this chapter, we will study about Discussion settings in WordPress. WordPress discussion setting can be defined as the interaction between the blogger and the visitors. These settings are done by the admin to have a control over the posts/pages that come in through users.
Following are the steps to access the Discussion setting:
Step (1): Click on Settings -> Discussion option in WordPress.

Step (2): The Discussion Settings page is displayed as shown in the following snapshot.
Following fields are seen in Discussion settings.
Default article settings: These settings are default to the new pages you create or new posts. This contains three more settings. They are:
o Attempt to notify any blogs linked to from the article: When you publish articles then it sends a notification (sends pings and trackback) to other blogs.
o Allow link notifications from other blogs (pingbacks and trackbacks): Accepts pings from other blogs.
o Allow people to post comments on new articles: You can allow or disallow other people to comment on your article using this setting.

You can change the settings as per your will for individual articles.
Other Comment Settings: This setting has the following options:
o Comment author must fill out name and e-mail: When you check this box, it is mandatory for visitors to fill their name and email address.
o Users must be registered and logged in to comment: If you check this box, only those registered visitors can leave comments, if not checked anyone can leave any number of comments.
o Automatically close comments on articles older than days: This option allows you to accept comments only for a particular time period as per your wish.
o Enable threaded (nested) comments: When you check this option, visitors can reply or have a discussion and get responses.
o Break comments into pages with top level comments per page and the page displayed by default: If your pages are getting a lot of comments then you can split them into different pages by checking this box.
o Comments should be displayed with the comments at the top of each page: You can arrange the comments in the form of ascending or descending order.
Email me whenever: This setting contains two options, namely:
o Anyone posts a comment: When you check into this box, the author gets an e-mail for every single comment that is posted.
o A comment is held for moderation: This is used in case you do not want your comment to be updated before it's moderated by the admin.
Before a comment appears: This setting allows how your posts are controlled. There are two more settings as followed:
o Comment must be manually approved: If you check this box then only the approved comments by the admin can be displayed on the posts or pages.
o Comment author must have a previously approved comment: This can be checked when you want to approve a comment of an author whose has commented and his e-mail address matches the e-mail address of the previous posted comment. Otherwise the comment is held for moderation.
Comment Moderation: Contain only a specific number of links that are allowed into a comment.
Comment Blacklist: You can input your own spam words which you do not want your visitors to enter into the comments, URL, e-mail etc.; later it would filter the comments.
Avatars: Avatar is a small image that displays at the top-right-hand corner of the dashboard screen beside your name. It is like your profile picture. Here you have a few more options where you can set your avatar for WordPress site.
o Avatar Display: It displays your avatar besides your name when it is checked.
o Maximum rating: You have a four other options of avatars you can use. They are G, PG, R and X. This is the age section where you select according to which type of audience you want to display your posts.
o Default Avatar: In this option, there are few more types of avatars with images; you can keep these avatars according to your visitors e-mail address.

Step (3): Click on Save Changes button to save the changes.

In this chapter, we will study about Media Settings in WordPress. It is used to set the height and width of the images which you're going to use on your website.
Step (1): Click on Settings->Media option in WordPress.

Step (2): The Media Settings page is displayed as seen in the following screenshot.
Following are the details of the fields on Media settings:
Thumbnail size: Set the size of the thumbnail.
Medium size: Set the height and width of medium size images.
Large size: Set width and height of larger images.
Uploading files: After checking this checkbox, the uploaded image will be arranged into year and month based folder.

Step (3): After setting the dimension in pixels, click on Save Changes button. It saves your media setting information.

In this chapter, we will learn about Permalink settings in WordPress. Permalink is a permanent link to a particular blog post or category. It allows setting the default permalink structure. These settings are used to add permalinks to your posts in WordPress. Following are the steps to access permalink settings.
Step (1): Click on Settings-> Permalinks option from the left navigation menu.

Step (2): When you click on Permalinks, the following page appears on the screen.
Here are a few settings you can make:
Common settings:

Check any of the radio buttons to choose your permalink structure for your blogs
o Default: It sets the default URL structure in WordPress.
o Day and name: It sets URL structure according to the date and name in your posts.
o Month and name: It sets the URL structure according to the month and name in your post.
o Numeric: It sets numbers in the URL structure in your post.
o Post name: It sets post name in the URL structure in your post.
o Custom Structure: It sets the URL structure of your choice by writing the desired name in the given text box.

These are optional. You can add custom structure for main category or tag URL. If your text box is empty then default settings is used. Here you have two options.
o Category Base: Add custom prefix for your category URL.
o Tag Base: Add custom prefix to your Tags URL.

Step (3): Once you are done with changes, click on Save Changes button to save the permalink settings.

In this chapter, we will study how to use plugins in your WordPress site. Plugin allows to easily modify, customize or enhance WordPress blog or post. The WordPress Plugin is a software that can be uploaded to expand the functionality of the site. They add services or features to WordPress blog. Plugins are used to make your work easier. Following are the simple steps to add plugins.

Step (1): On the left side bar, Click on Plugins -> Installed Plugins

Step (2): The following page appears.
In this section, you can view the already installed plugins.

Step (3): Click on --->Plugins -> Add New menu as shown in the following screen.

Step (4): A list of plugins appears that are used in WordPress. Here you can directly install plugins from the available list or you can upload it by clicking on Upload Plugin.

When you click on Upload Plugin you'll get the following page.
Click on Browse, it goes back to the page where you can select plugins from WordPress site. And if you click on Choose File, you can add files from your system. Otherwise, you can directly choose the plugin that you need and click on Install now

When you click on Install Now, the package starts to download and gets installed. Then, click on Activate plugin to active that plugin to use in WordPress as seen in the following screen.
After clicking on Activate Plugin you'll get a message as Plugin activated and you can also find the installed plugin in the list.

Below the plugin activated message, you can view few options such as All, Active, Inactive and Update available.
When you click on Active the following page appears. Here you can view all the activated plugins.
When you click on Inactive, the plugins which are available but are not activated gets displayed. You can activate this plugin by clicking on Activate.
When you click on Update available, you'll get a list of plugins that must be updated. Click on Update and you get a message as Updated.
Click on Bulk Actions and select any of the options. Click on Apply button to update, delete, activate or deactivate each of the plugins by checking the boxes.

In Search Installed Plugins you can just type your plugin name in the text box that is already installed and click on the Search Installed Plugins button.
When you click on the Search installed Plugin button you get the following page with your respective plugin.

Step (5): Click on Plugins -> Editor from the side bar.

Step (6): The following page gets displayed.
This page lets you edit your plugins. A few options are explained.
Select plugin to edit: Allows you to select a plugin from the dropdown and edit it.
Documentation: Allows you to select the tools from the dropdown to edit the plugin.
Plugin files: Allows you to select files from the list and edit accordingly.

Finally, after editing the plugin files, click on Update file.


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